• Annual Arbitration Review- 2017,  Arbitration

    Alchemist Asset Reconstruction v. Hotel Gaudavan: Arbitration Proceedings during the Moratorium under the Insolvency & Bankruptcy Code, 2016

    Reading Time: 2 minutes The Supreme Court in this decision, unequivocally reiterated the mandate of the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016, that, upon imposition of a moratorium under Section 14 (1) (a) of the Code, no new suit or arbitration proceedings can be initiated against the entity under moratorium. Furthermore, continuation of any suit or legal proceeding is prohibited.

  • Arbitration

    ‘Hot-Tubbing in Arbitration’ – The Latest Fad or a Creative Solution Here to Stay?

    Reading Time: 4 minutes Arbitrations often involve dealing with questions pertaining to complex technical, financial and monetary, cultural, and linguistic issues. It may be impossible for the counsel and the arbitrators to know and understand these issues fully without any additional support or help from the experts in those particular fields. Thus, expert opinions, or rather the testimonies of the experts, play an important role in multi-faceted or complex arbitrations. The role of the expert witness is not to assert the client’s position but to help assist the Tribunal in getting all the information to arrive at a decision regarding the issues central to the dispute. However, in practice the…

  • Arbitration

    Arbitral Rules v. Arbitral Institution: Party Autonomy or Conflict?

    Reading Time: 3 minutes Parties may choose the arbitral rules to be followed in arbitration after the dispute has arisen between them or the rules are specified in the arbitration clause of the contract that the parties have entered into previously. This article primarily deals with the situation where there is a conflict between the choice of arbitral institution and choice of arbitral rules. In most of the cases, procedural rules depend on the choice of arbitral institution and it is also advisable to follow the rules of the arbitral institution where the arbitration is being administered but sometimes parties decide to follow rules of arbitration of an arbitral institution…

  • Annual Arbitration Review- 2017,  Arbitration

    HRD v GAIL- Amendment and the appointment of the arbitrator

    Reading Time: 5 minutes In a challenge to the eligibility and appointment of an arbitrator under Schedule 5 and 7 of the amended Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1995 (the A&C Act), the Court dwelled into the changes brought about by the amendment. The underlying theme of this case can be seen in the Courts, reliance on the IBA Guidelines in determining the construction and interpretation of the Schedules. The Court took a pragmatic approach to arbitration law in relying on the IBA Guidelines and the general principles contained therein.

  • Arbitration

    Can a Party’s Employee be appointed as the Arbitrator?

    Reading Time: 5 minutes The 1996 Arbitration and Conciliation Act is based on the UNCITRAL Model Law on International Commercial Arbitration, 1985 and the UNCITRAL Conciliation Rules, 1980. Though a marked improvement compared to its predecessor (1940), the legislation has witnessed several issues and challenges in its implementation. One of the main issues which arises relates to the appointment of an employee as an arbitrator in the arbitration proceedings. Two rival questions are bound to come up in this backdrop i.e. the question as to the extent of a court’s interference with the arbitration procedure agreed upon by the parties and, on the other hand, concerns regarding the impartiality and…

  • Annual Arbitration Review- 2017,  Arbitration

    Indus Mobile Distribution Private Limited v. Datawind Innovations Private Limited: Seat Confers Exclusive Jurisdiction

    Reading Time: 4 minutes This decision rules that assignment of a seat of arbitration is akin to conferment of an exclusive jurisdiction clause. Therefore, even when there is a neutral seat of arbitration, and cause of action is somewhere else, courts in the seat of arbitration would enjoy exclusive jurisdiction. This should prevent the multiplicity of proceedings and/or forum shopping.

  • Annual Arbitration Review- 2017,  Arbitration

    M/s. Duro Felguera, S.A v. M/s. Gangavaram Port Limited: Position of Courts with Respect to Appointment of Arbitrators

    Reading Time: 4 minutes This landmark case clarifies the position of courts with respect to the appointment of arbitrators in matters related to arbitration in reference documents. Taking a narrow approach, the court interpreted the Section 11(6A) of the Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996 (“Act”) to allow courts the power only to see if an arbitration agreement exists in the first place or not, ‘nothing more, nothing less’. This case shows that when a contract is split into multiple agreements for the sake of convenience incorporation of an arbitration clause by reference needs to be drafted cautiously to avoid problems of dispute settlement in case of arbitration.

  • Annual Arbitration Review- 2017,  Arbitration

    Union of India v. Simplex Infrastructure: Applicability of Section 37 of the Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996

    Reading Time: 2 minutes This is a landmark case about the application of Section 37 of the Arbitration and Conciliation Act of 1996 (herein referred to as the “statute”). It clarified the position of law that an appeal could be allowed only against the setting aside of an arbitral award or refusal to set it aside under Section 37(1)(c). However, there was no appeal against an order of condonation of delay by a court of competent jurisdiction under Section 34. Thus, no intra-court appeal against condonation of delay by a Single Judge in an application to set aside an arbitral award is allowed.

  • Arbitration

    The Arbitrability Conundrum : An Assessment of Non-Arbitrability Of Lease Disputes in India

    Reading Time: 3 minutes Introduction- India is considered to be a pro-arbitration centre by the world and is shaping its Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996 (“Act”) in order to become a hub for arbitration world-wide. There have been many improvements in the Act in order to achieve its goal but it is paradoxical that the horizon of disputes which are non-arbitrable have increased, one among them is lease disputes. The Issue of Arbitrability: The Arbitration and Conciliation Act does not specify which disputes are arbitrable or which are not. This issues has been left for the Courts to deliberate upon. 1) It was in Natraj Studio’s case[1] where the landlord…

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